Post must be at least 250 words. Choose one of the three options to base your re

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Post must be at least 250 words. Choose one of the three options to base your response on.
Prompt: You are the new commissioner for the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA). While you do not have direct authority to tell the NCAA and professional sport leagues in the US what to do, many of them take your lead on policy matters. You have put together a task group to determine if you should continue drug testing for marijuana and if you will continue to punish athletes for testing positive.
Currently, the ITF (Tennis), MLS (Soccer), PGA Tour (Golf), NASCAR, and NCAA still test for marijuana because they consider it a performance-enhancing drug (PED).
You have three options –
Leave the policy as-is (Marijuana is a PED and is a banned substance that should be tested for)
Recommend a change in marijuana drug testing policy for either the NCAA or professional sports, but not both (Choose 1)
Recommend a change in marijuana drug testing policy for both the NCAA and professional sports
Please provide justification for your answer.
As you will learn by reading Hill v. NCAA, when someone willfully competes in a sport league or collegiate athletics, they are subject to that leagues regulations. Thus, if the NCAA or a professional sports league wishes to drug test, they are able to. However, after Hill v. NCAA, the conversation transitioned away from if these entities can drug test to now, should these entities test for marijuana?
While marijuana has been used recreationally since the 1900s in the US, it was effectively prohibited federally in 1937. From 1937-1996, marijuana was illegal to possess or consume in the United States. However, in 1996, California became the first state to allow for medical use. In 2012, Colorado and Washington became the first states to allow for recreational use. Since then, a majority of the states in the US have made changes to their policies. Now, over 75% states have legalized medical marijuana, recreational marijuana, or both (See Map). Despite this, marijuana is still illegal federally.
Despite this, the aforementioned leagues in the prompt still test for marijuana and issue penalties for cannabis use (medical or recreational). The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has marijuana as a prohibited substance because it meets two of their three inclusions criteria for banned substances. WADA argues that marijuana poses a health risk to athletes and it has the potential to be performance-enhancing. WADA’s claims are at least partially backed by anecdotal evidence as well as research. For example, cannabis-related emergency room visits increase when the drug is legalized in a state. Furthermore, marijuana increases risk-taking, which can have dangerous effects in some contact sports. Other athletes use marijuana to calm their nerves before competition, which also has the ability to be performance-enhancing.
On the opposite side, marijuana research has increased over the past few years and many researchers and medical professionals see marijuana as a viable treatment method and non-performance-enhancing. Leagues like the NFL and NBA have seen enough research to take marijuana off their banned substance lists. While the research cited by these leagues does note that there is a potential for abuse and mental health issues, these are also risks that are inherent with many medications that are also used for pain management (Such as prescription pain-killers). It is very important to note, that just because marijuana has less potential to be abused or less potential consequences than substances like alcohol, tobacco, heroin, etc., does not mean it is consequence free. Furthermore, it is still a federally illegal substance.

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