Law : Business Law

4.5 Commerce Clause State departments of motor vehicles (DMVs) register automobi

Place your order now for a similar assignment and have exceptional work written by our team of experts, At affordable rates

For This or a Similar Paper Click To Order Now

4.5 Commerce Clause State departments of motor vehicles (DMVs) register automobiles and issue driver’s licenses. State DMVs require automobile owners and drivers to provide per sonal information-including a person’s name, address, telephone number, vehicle description, Social Security number, medical information, and a photograph—as a condition for registering an automobile or obtaining a driver’s license. Many states’ DMVs sold this personal information to individuals, advertis ers, and businesses. These sales generated sig nificant revenues for the states.
After receiving thousands of complaints from individuals whose personal information had been sold, the U.S. Congress enacted the Dri ver’s Privacy Protection Act of 1994 (DPPA). This federal statute prohibits a state from selling the personal information of a person unless the state obtains that person’s affirmative consent to do so. South Carolina sued the United States, alleging that the federal government violated the Commerce Clause by adopting the DPPA. Was the Driver’s Privacy Protection Act properly enacted by the federal government pursuant to its Commerce Clause power? Reno, Attorney General of the United States v. Condon, Attorney General of South Carolina, 528 U.S. 141, 120 S.Ct. 666, 2000 U.S. Lexis 503 (Supreme Court of the United States, 2000)
4.7 Ethics Case Vaccines are biological prepa rations usually containing an agent that re sembles a disease-causing microorganism, which is often administered by needle and which improves immunity to a particular dis ease. Vaccines are subject to federal premarket approval of the federal Food and Drug Admin istration (FDA). The elimination of communi cable diseases through vaccination was one of the greatest achievements of public health in the twentieth century. However, harm caused by side effects to some individuals led to a massive increase in vaccine-related tort litiga tion against the manufacturers of vaccines. One group of manufacturers that was subject to such lawsuits was those who made the vac cine against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTP). Because of the lawsuits, two of the three domestic manufacturers of DTP with drew from the market. In response, the U.S. Congress enacted the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 (NCVIA). One of the provisions of the act stated,
No vaccine manufacturer shall be liable in a civil action for damages arising from a vaccine-related injury or death associ ated with the administration of a vaccine after October 1, 1988, if the injury or death resulted from side effects that were unavoidable even though the vaccine was properly prepared and was accompanied by proper directions and warnings.
When Hanna Bruesewitz was one year old, her pediatrician administered doses of DTP vaccine that was manufactured by Lederle Laboratories (later purchased by Wyeth LLC). Hanna immediately started to experience seizures, and has suffered seizures since being vaccinated. Hanna’s parents filed a lawsuit against Lederle alleging that the company was liable for strict liability and negligent design of the vaccine. The U.S. district court granted Wyeth summary judgment, holding that Brue sewitz’s causes of action were preempted by the NCVIA. The U.S. court of appeals affirmed the judgment. Bruesewitz appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court. Does the preemption provi sion in the federal NCVIA bar state law de sign-defect product liability claims against vac cine manufacturers? Is it ethical for vaccine manufacturers to be absolved from liability by federal law? What is the public policy underlying the federal law? Bruesewitz v. Wyeth LLC, 562 U.S. 223, 131 S.Ct. 1068, 2011 U.S. Lexis 1085 (Supreme Court of the United States, 2011)

For This or a Similar Paper Click To Order Now

Leave a Reply