Environmental Studies

1. Looking at global greenhouse gas emissions, investigate the greenhouse gas pr

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1. Looking at global greenhouse gas emissions, investigate the greenhouse gas properties to the ongoing global effort to limit emissions by researching the historical emissions of selected countries, discuss the regional and global emissions patterns, and consider the greenhouse gas emissions targets the countries have set themselves within the framework of the 2015 Paris Climate Change Summit.
2. Give your response to the following. What are your thoughts? Do you agree?
Since 1900, global carbon emissions from fossil fuels have increased significantly. CO2 emissions have increased by approximately 90% since 1970, with emissions from fossil fuel combustion and industrial processes accounting for approximately 78% of the total increase in greenhouse gas emissions from 1970 to 2011. The second-largest contributors have been agriculture, deforestation, and other land-use changes. Non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions have also increased significantly since 1900. Please see the EPA report, Global Anthropogenic Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 1990-2020, for more information on past and projected global emissions of non-CO2 gases. China, the United States, the European Union, India, the Russian Federation, and Japan were the top carbon dioxide (CO2) emitters in 2014. CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion, cement manufacturing, and gas flaring are all included in these figures. These sources account for a sizable portion of total global CO2 emissions. These estimates exclude emissions and sinks associated with changes in land use. Changes in land use, on the other hand, can be significant: estimates indicate that net global greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture, forestry, and other land use were more than 8 billion metric tons of CO2 equivalent or about 24% of total global greenhouse gas emissions. Changes in land use associated with human activities absorb CO2 in areas such as the United States and Europe, partially offsetting emissions from deforestation in other regions.
The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international climate change treaty. It was adopted by 196 Parties at COP 21 in Paris on December 12, 2015, and went into effect on November 4, 2016. Its goal is to keep global warming well below 2 degrees Celsius, preferably 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels. Countries aim to achieve this long-term temperature goal by peaking global greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible in order to achieve a climate-neutral world by mid-century. The Paris Agreement is a watershed moment in the multilateral climate change process because it brings all nations together for the first time in a binding agreement to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects. The Paris Agreement’s implementation necessitates economic and social transformations based on the best available science. The Paris Agreement is based on a five-year cycle of increasingly ambitious climate action by countries. Countries must submit their climate action plans, known as nationally determined contributions, by 2020. (NDCs

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